This source is a review of the Book “The Legend of Spring-Heeled Jack” by Karl Bell. The actual book could not be obtain, though the review appears scholarly. The review goes to highlight the main points of the book and it provides a thorough summary of it via article form. Overall, the article is current enough for the topic, considering it is merely history, currency is not really an issue. The creator does make plenty of references to the authors work and the information is all based on the book. There is some opinion in the sense of the creator judging the authors work, but even that is minimal. She also does provide a reference to the book itself at the top of the page. The article was written by Rosalind Crone under the Oxford Journals: The American Historical Review in Volume 119, Issue 1. This site states that author affiliations are with The Open University. It was also published by the Oxford University Press. Not just anyone can have their content published in this journal, seeing as it is related to Oxford University. The publisher’s interest is in a scholarly review of a history based book. The content in the article is based on facts and it maintains a definite neutrality. There is so opinion or product trying to be sold in this source.
In comparison to my background knowledge on the topic, I have learned that plenty of my researched characters history depends on which culture you ask. I also learned that some facts can become muddled with fiction through the ages. I hope that by the time I have this project finished, my knowledge of these characters will become a second nature to know, to both myself and others who have an interest in it. I think that my audience will question who the characters are in the first place. While they may be infamous to me, others will likely not know of them. They may also wonder what I mean by vampire lore, and what kind of vampire lore exists to this day. So far, the entire research process is easy. It was made easier with the use of databases seeing as I took to it easily and was introduced to it through a history course. As for the research process as a whole, I think I have it down to a simple science, so I have no immediate questions about it.
In finding this source, I used the research data base to find a scholarly article on Elizabeth Bathory. Considering I was unable to find much on her that were not works of fiction, I used the database by looking up her name. This enabled me to find this article. I did have to wait a few days as they had to get the article on loan for me. The article is fairly recent considering my other sources. It was published in 2014 in the journal History Today. This particular article was in Volume 64 issue 8. This article is most definitely current enough for the topic, after all most history sources are not nearly as recent as this one. In the article, it includes some of her history, who she was married to, and some of the crimes she was accused of along with how she was stopped. None of this appears to be only an opinion. It has a balance in the sense that it mentions that the dividing line between what is fact and fiction has become blurred with the characters history. There are no references or quotes made in the article itself. The creator or author in this case is not really listed, but evidently ProQ was imprinted on it. If I am correct, this would have been written by ProQuest for the journal. The sponsor of this article would be the publishers at History Today. They are a well-known magazine that is placed in the UK. The publisher is interested in all things history, information on a famous female serial killer no doubt would be interesting for its readers to view. The author isn’t trying to sell anything, it is all based on facts and the relatively short lived crime spree of Elizabeth Bathory. If anything, there may be some question as to which parts are facts since they did mention that a lot of the facts and works of fiction blurred together. As for biased, it has information on both sides, but of course villains don’t get a say in what is said about them.
In order to find this source, I used the library’s catalog tab. In the search bar, I searched for anything with the name Vlad Ţepeş in the title. I figured it was best to find a book on this particular character’s history to help set the tone for his role in influencing vampire lore. The book was titled Vlad Ţepeş: Prince of Walachia. While the book was not published in the 21st century, it is current enough to provide background information on my topic accurately. This source includes historical dates of when Vlad ruled as a Prince, his victory as well as his defeat, on top of several different perspective of how he was during his time. It also speaks of his reputation amongst different cultures as the famed Dracula. This author provide many references and citations in his work. The author of this book is Nicolae Stoicescu. The author is credible due to his membership to the Romanian Academy. The Academy of the Socialist Republic of Romania and the Academy of Social and Political Sciences of the Socialist Republic of Romania sponsor the biography. The book is also translated by a Romanian, rather than someone who has learned it as a second language which makes it more reliable. The book is fact based and avoids bias by present the different cultural perspectives of how Vlad Ţepeş acted in history. The author does nothing to try and sway you opinion one way or another on Vlad as a person. They key points in the source would be his victory and defeat as well as the information on his fame/infamy amongst the different cultures of the time (i.e. the Germans, Turks, Slavs), as well as how he gain the title of Dracula. This ultimately provides some of the most basic yet intimate background knowledge on Vlad III before he inspired Bram Stoker to write his famous novel Dracula. Combined with some of the general knowledge of Bram Stoker’s book, I could prove how Vlad III affected the changes in vampire lore.
In this paper, I aim to answer the question of how historical characters such as Vlad III, Elizabeth Bathory, and Spring-heeled Jack affect vampire lore. Now vampire lore as I see it consists of vampire legends, how they are seen by others, their strengths and weaknesses. Overall the lore is made up of the many different stories. I understand that not everyone will recognize the characters I mentioned above, but allow me to explain. Vlad II, also known as Vlad the Impaler was the inspiration to Bram Stoker’s Dracula. There will be more on his story later on as well. Elizabeth Bathory on the other hand was known as the Blood Countess, for she was considered one of the most ruthless female serial killer in recorded history. Spring-heeled Jack is a bit more tricky as a character. He is essentially a well known thief that was described as “devil-like” who preyed on women in the night. Considering my own interest in the many changes in vampire lore from what it was, I feel like this question has a more complex answer than most would think. In answering this question, I hope to give people a different perspective on creatures of the night compared to the sexualized characters they have become today.
How did historical characters such as Vladimir III, Elizabeth Bathory and Spring-heeled Jack effect vampire lore?
- How did historical characters such as Vladimir III, Elizabeth Bathory, and Spring-heeled Jack affect vampire lore?
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